This is a birchbark canoe on display in the Mi'kmaq Discovery Centre near Conne River. It was built in the mid 90s, using traditional methods of joining bark and wood with sinew (I believe) and then water-sealed with bear fat - the black on the bark.
Constructing this 20+ foot sea-fairing canoe would be a fear in itself. The boat's crafters, however, took to the ocean and sailed to Nova Scotia. It took them eight days to prove their ancestral stories were true, that the sea between Newfoundland and Nova Scotia could be crossed using traditional methods.
It was incredible to see, and more incredible to hear the story. The Mi'kmaq word for this canoe is kwitn. Thanks, John!